In the last 20 years India’s energy demands have tripled and water requirements for the industry have doubled. This report by Greenpeace India focuses on the region of Vidarhba where in 2010, 71 power plants were in various stages of approval. India is already in a condition of water stress, and national demand for water is projected to outstrip supply in less than thirty years. National irrigation water requirements are expected to increase 50% by 2050. The government’s push on such water-intensive methods of power production, therefore, will make conflicts between power projects and agriculture inevitable.